Are we really one step closer to achieving teleportation?

Most of us have seen the science fiction series Star Trek and would be familiar with their concept of teleportation in which characters are ‘beamed’ off the ship to another spacecraft or to the surface of a planet. While Star Trek is just movie, some of the concepts presented in the movie may not be science fiction after all. Some of the advanced technology that had been thought up for the series has now been implemented, while others, such as ‘warp drive’ are already under development. Could it be that teleportation is next?

Teleportation is a process where a material object is de-materialized, converted to energy and then re-materialized in a different place. We could say that it is a combination of telecommunications and transportation. While the idea may sound far-fetched, researchers all around have already been working on developing the concept for more than a decade. In 1993, an international group of six scientists confirmed that perfect teleportation is indeed possible in principle and teleportation has already been achieved with photons, light fields, nuclear spins, and trapped ions.

Recently, scientists of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) have come another step closer to building a quantum computer by teleporting bits of information across a computer chip. Of course, it is a far cry from beaming humans across the planet, but it is certainly a step in the right direction. Quantum teleportation is currently the only known way that teleportation could be successful because it allows the exact state of an atom or photon to be transmitted in the exact form from one location to another.

In their experiment, the scientists used the entanglement property of quantum physics where two particles can form a connection and any interaction with one particle affects the other even if they are separated by great distances. Using this property the Swiss scientists managed to repeatedly teleport information.

In ancient texts ,teleportation was an ability that some Gods had, using ancient devices. Of course these references are in fact considered myth and legend, but history has shown us examples of many myths that were later proven true. Could it be that an advanced race that came before us has already developed this technology? If so, perhaps we are not too far behind them.

Scientists have spotted distant Jupiter sized planet that has water

At the top of Mauna Kea in Hawaii, a team of scientists led by Quinn Konopacky (University of Toronto), have detected a planet the size of Jupiter that indicates that it contains water and carbon monoxide.

The team managed to come to such a detailed research using the advanced Keck II telescope fitted with the Ohio State Infrared Imager/Spectrometer ( OSIRIS). The atmosphere of the planet shows evidence of water vapour and a high ratio of carbon to oxygen. According to the scientists, those conditions existed on Earth millions of years ago, which shows that the planet formation is in progress.

The planet orbits around a star called HR 8799 at a distance of approximately 130 light years from Earth and is one of four planets that orbits around this star.

You can read more here.

White Dwarf Stars May Be Best Chance for Discovering Extra-terrestrial Life

A new study titled, “Detecting Bio-Markers In Habitable-Zone Earths Transiting White Dwarfs”, published by the Royal Astronomical Society, has concluded that dying White Dwarf systems could host planets with life and they might be able to detect it within the next decade.

When a star dies, it ejects its outer layers, leaving behind a hot core called a white dwarf, which is typically about the size of Earth. It slowly cools and fades over time, but it can retain heat long enough to warm a nearby world for billions of years.

White dwarfs help in the search for extra-terrestrial life by first finding the planets that exist in the habitable zone of white dwarfs. This can be achieved by observing lights from a star and checking to see if it dims at regular intervals – a phenomenon that suggests the starlight is being blocked by an orbiting planet.

Once a planet is discovered orbiting around a white dwarf, the next stage is to determine if it can sustain life. For tell-tale signs of life, astronomers are particularly interested in finding oxygen. According to the study, oxygen could be detected in the atmosphere of a white dwarf’s planet much more easily than for an Earth-like planet orbiting a Sun-like star. They found that both oxygen and water vapor would be detectable with only a few hours of total observation time.

You can read more here.